Design is about options and you may be required to place multitudes of functions in a smaller space. This enhances the latest technology usage and while optimizing real estate.
Items to consider: COST, SIGNAL INTEGRITY, CONFIGURATION
Using flexible circuit boards over the usual rigid types
Reliability and Durability – Flex circuits can absorb and reduce effects of shock and vibration to itself and related solder joint connections.
Heat Dissipation – Flex circuits can dissipate heat at much better rates than do other dielectric materials typically used for rigid PCBs, while still offering the benefits of flexibility.Materials used for flexible circuits show exceptional thermal stability.
Economical – Designers can reduce the packaging and material costs of the finished assembly, because the thin and flexible polyimide film requires a far smaller area.
Flexibility – The elastic nature of flex circuits allows them to be packaged, folded, and positioned around folds and edges. This is especially helpful in electronic devices that require connections in all the three axes.
Weight and Space Savings – Typically, flex circuit boards take up only 10% of the weight and space of wires within a device. Flex circuits also can decrease the dimensions and weight of devices by up to 60%.
Bending Cycles – Flexible circuit boards are made with polyimide as the standard base material, capable of as many as 200,000 bending cycles.
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Types of Flex Circuit Boards
Single-sided PCB or single-layer flexible circuits are the most basic type of flexible circuits. They consist of a flexible dielectric film laminated to a single sheet of copper. The copper layer is then chemically etched according to the specified circuit pattern design. Polyimide coverlays can be added to the circuit board for additional insulation and protection, if desired.
Single-Sided features include:
Single-Sided Flex can be used in:
Double-sided PCB have two conductive layers – one on each side of the base layer. The two conductive layers have an insulating layer between. Trace patterns can be created on both sided of the substrate film and can be connected withe copper plated through-holes (PTH). The plated through holes make electrical connections between the two layers.